sun: the sun emits a massive solar flare that can impact radio and satellite communications

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The Sun triggered a massive solar flare on Wednesday that has the potential to impact satellite communications and global positioning systems, the Center of Excellence in Space Science India (CESSI) said.
This rocket is classified as class X, which designates the most intense rocket. The X2.2-class solar flare occurred at 03:57 UTC (09:27 IST) from the AR12992 Solar Magnetic Active Region. “It erupted from a region beyond the southwestern limb of the Sun,” according to the US space weather forecast site NOAA Space Weather.
“Strong ionospheric disturbances are underway over India, Southeast Asia and Asia-Pacific regions. Expected high frequency communication outages, satellite anomalies, GPS scintillations and impacts on air communications,” CESSI said on Twitter.
Solar flares are powerful bursts of energy that can impact radio communications, power grids and navigation signals, and pose risks to spacecraft and astronauts. During a solar flare, highly energetic charged particles are expelled from the Sun at speeds close to the speed of light. These rays can disturb the ionosphere region of the Earthwhich plays an important role in radio communications, explains the American space agency Nasa.
According to NASA, the largest flares are known as “X-class flares” based on a classification system that divides solar flares according to their strength. The smallest are class A (near background levels), followed by B, C, M and X.
Similar to the Richter scale for earthquakes, each letter represents a 10-fold increase in energy output. A Class X flare is 10 times a Class M flare and 100 times a Class C flare, he says.
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